The Tribunal found that the absence of an integration clause was decisive in its finding that these earlier statements had not been replaced by subsequent employment articles. On the other hand, the correct use of an integration clause can effectively nullify the terms of a previous agreement. The final contract contained a full contractual clause. Shoreline argued that this clause had prevented Mears from availing itself of the pre-contract agreement. However, Akenhead J noted that “the full agreement clause” does not exclude or limit confidence in an established and effective Estoppel, either explicitly or by interpretation. It was found that prior to the start of the contract, the parties shared an assumption and based on this assumption over a long period of time, so it would be unfair to allow Shoreline to apply the terms of the contract in order to avoid the performance of their obligations under the pre-contract agreement. If, for whatever reason, the previous agreement is not expressly included, this earlier agreement may, in certain circumstances, give rise to a legally binding obligation, even if the contract contains a full contractual clause. This is due to the Estoppel doctrine by convention, which was recently discussed under the comprehensive contractual clauses contained in Mears Ltd/Shoreline Housing Partnership Ltd3. If the integration clause is included in one of your own agreements with a customer, you must inform your company employees and the monitoring team of the presence of the clause and its employees. These team members are your front line in processing customer requests that may include requirements that go beyond the scope of your agreement with the customer.
A comprehensive agreement clause is intended to ensure that all conditions relating to the rights and obligations of the parties are defined in a single document that replaces all previous negotiations and agreements. The purpose of such a clause is to prevent the contracting parties from relying on statements or statements during negotiations in order to assert that they have agreed to something other than what is provided for in the treaty at the time of a dispute. A common contractual clause may be as follows: In some cases, however, previous agreements may prevail, even if, because of the Estoppel doctrine by convention, this agreement contains a full clause of the contract.21The doctrine of Estoppel by convention means that a party is deterred from arguing that a contract is not altered by the conduct of the parties, although the contract contains a “full agreement” clause.